What Is A Lifetime Estate Deed?

A life estate deed is a legal document that changes the ownership of a piece of real property.

The person who owns the real property (in this example, Mom) signs a deed that will pass the ownership of the property automatically upon her death to someone else, known as the “remainderman” (in this example, Son).

What is the purpose of a life estate deed?

Typically, the purpose of a life estate deed is to provide for the transfer of the property to the desired person(s) (remainderman) automatically at the death of the property owner who retained the life estate (“life tenant”), without the necessity of probate.

What is a life estate in real estate?

In common law and statutory law, a life estate (or life tenancy) is the ownership of land for the duration of a person’s life. In legal terms, it is an estate in real property that ends at death when ownership of the property may revert to the original owner, or it may pass to another person.

Can a life estate deed be changed?

Unlike a Lady Bird Deed, once a life estate has been granted, it can’t be undone without the consent of the remainderman.

Does a person with a life estate own the property?

A person owns property in a life estate only throughout their lifetime. Beneficiaries cannot sell property in a life estate before the beneficiary’s death. One benefit of a life estate is that property can pass when the life tenant dies without being part of the tenant’s estate.

Who owns the property in a life estate?

A life estate deed is a legal document that changes the ownership of a piece of real property. The person who owns the real property (in this example, Mom) signs a deed that will pass the ownership of the property automatically upon her death to someone else, known as the “remainderman” (in this example, Son).

Who pays property taxes on a life estate?

When retaining a Life Estate in the property, you are not transferring or giving the entire interest in the property away. Instead, the remainder persons are given today the right to own the property after you pass away. The life tenant is responsible for the payment of real estate taxes on the property.

Can you sell a house that is in a life estate?

You can sell or give your home to your children, but keep the right to live in or control the home until you die. When you do this, you keep a “life estate.” When you have a life estate, you are called the “life tenant.” Your child is called the “remainderman.”

What are the two types of life estates?

The two types of life estates are: conventional and the legal life estate. grantee, the life tenant. Following the termination of the estate, rights pass to a remainderman or revert to the previous owner.

What happens at the end of a life estate?

A person who reserves a life estate on a property deed has the right to live on and use the property until she dies. If the remainderman dies before the life estate holder, his interest in the property may pass to his heirs or any other remaindermen named on the life estate deed.

Does a life estate override a will?

Does a Life Assignment Deed Override a Will? A will might not be the final word on the distribution of real estate and other assets. Generally, a deed will override the will. However, which legal document prevails also depends on state property laws and whether the state has adopted the Uniform Probate Code.

Can a life estate be terminated?

Due to this termination, a life estate holder cannot transfer his or her interest in the property through a will. Importantly, a life estate cannot be revoked. Therefore, once a person sets up his or her ownership of a property in a life estate, he or she cannot sell or otherwise dispose of the home.

What is the value of a life estate?

The value of the life estate is found by going to the Life Estate and Remainder Interest Table here. The value of the life estate is found by taking the value of the property and multiplying it by the life estate factor (a.k.a. life estate rate).