What Are The Five Basic Building Classifications?

Terms in this set (5)

  • TYPE 1: FIRE RESISTIVE. Walls, partitions, columns, floors and roofs are noncombustible.
  • TYPE 2: NONCOMBUSTIBLE. Walls, partitions, columns, floors and roofs are noncombustible but provide less fire resistance.

What are the 5 types of building construction?

Conventional building types

  1. Type I. Fire resistive.
  2. Type II: Non-combustible.
  3. Type III: Ordinary.
  4. Type IV: Heavy timber.
  5. Type V: Wood frame/combustible.

What is Type 1 and Type 2 Construction?

TYPE II – This type of building has steel or concrete walls, floors, and structural framework similar to type I construction; however, the roof covering material is combustible. The roof covering of a type II building can be a layer of asphalt waterproofing, with a combustible felt paper covering.

What are the five basic building classifications used to classify structures by the materials used in their construction?

There are five different building construction types, each with fire-resistance ratings (the duration for which a passive fire protection system can withstand a standard fire resistance test) that apply to the structural frame, bearing and nonbearing walls, floor, and roof.

What is Type 4 building construction?

Type IV construction (Heavy Timber, HT) is that type of construction in which the exterior walls are of noncombustible materials and the interior building elements are of solid or laminated wood without concealed spaces.

What are the 3 types of construction?

The three types of construction specifications are prescriptive, performance, and proprietary.

What is Type 2 B Construction?

TYPE II-B–Unprotected Non-Combustible (Most common type of non-combustible construction used in commercial buildings). These buildings are frequently found in “warehouse” districts of older cities.) 2 Hr. Exterior Walls* No fire resistance for structural frame, floors, ceilings, or roofs.

What is the difference between type IIA and type IIB construction?

The less restrictive Type IB construction requires 2-hour protection for the beams, columns, bearing walls, and floor construction. The roof construction is permitted to be protected for 1 hour. construction. The most common use of Type IIB construction is in big box retail stores, warehouses, and industrial buildings.

What is a Type C construction?

The BCA requires buildings (except for Classes 1 and 10) to be constructed according to Types A, B or C construction. Type A is the most fire-resistant form of construction whilst Type C is the least. The Type of construction applicable is determined on the basis of rise in storeys and fire compartment size.

What is a Class 3 building?

Class 3 A residential building, other than a Class 1 or 2 building, which is a common place of long term or transient living for a number of unrelated persons. Example: boarding-house, hostel, backpackers accommodation or residential part of a hotel, motel, school or detention centre.

How are buildings classified?

* classification of buildings; -> Based on occupancy. -> Based on type of construction. Building structure: A building structure is a man-made structure with a roof and walls standing more or less permanently in one place, such as a house or factory. Buildings are classified into two categories.

How do you build construction?

The 10 steps to build a new home are:

  • Prepare construction site and pour foundation.
  • Construct rough framing.
  • Complete rough pluming, electrical and HVAC.
  • Install insulation.
  • Complete drywall and interior textures; start exterior finishes.
  • Finish interior trim; install exterior driveways and walkways.

What materials are used in construction?

Wood, cement, aggregates, metals, bricks, concrete, clay are the most common type of building material used in construction.

Types of Building Materials Used in Construction

  1. Natural Construction Materials.
  2. Fabric.
  3. Mud and clay.
  4. Rock.
  5. Thatch.
  6. Brush.
  7. Ice.
  8. Wood.

What is Type V construction?

Type V. Type V construction is a fairly broad classification. It uses any structural element constructed from a material permitted by the code. Most wood-frame structures, including one- and two-family residences, fall in this category.

What are the types of building?

Types Of Buildings

  • Types Of Buildings:
  • Residential Buildings:
  • Educational Buildings:
  • Institutional Buildings:
  • Assembly Buildings:
  • Business Buildings:
  • Mercantile Buildings:
  • Industrial Buildings:

What are the types of foundation used in construction?

Following are different types of foundations used in construction:

  1. Shallow foundation. Individual footing or isolated footing. Combined footing. Strip foundation. Raft or mat foundation.
  2. Deep Foundation. Pile foundation. Drilled Shafts or caissons.