Question: What Are The Basic Building Components?

The basic components of a building structure are the foundation, floors, walls, beams, columns, roof, stair, etc.

These elements serve the purpose of supporting, enclosing and protecting the building structure.

What are the two major components of a building structure?


  • Foundation. A foundation is necessary to evenly distribute the entire building load on the soil in such a manner that no damaging settlements take place.
  • Plinth.
  • Damp proof course (DPC)
  • Plinth beam.
  • Floor.
  • Walls.
  • Openings.
  • Stairs.

What is considered a structural component?

Definition of Structural components. Structural components means the roof, foundation, basement, walls, ceiling or floors of a residential property.

What are the structural elements in a building?

All buildings have similar components such as foundation, plinth, walls, floors, doors, windows and roof. Every component has its own function. Non-structural components are parapet walls, door and windows, furnishings fixtures, partitions or partition walls, tiles, paint etc.

What are the major components of a house?

Today we’ll start with the structural components: Foundation, Framing, and Roof.

  1. Foundation. Most houses are held up by cinder blocks under the exterior, perimeter wall of the house.
  2. Frame. “They built that house in 2 days!”
  3. Roof.
  4. 2 thoughts on “Anatomy of a House: Understanding the Components of your Home (Part 1/3)”

What are the building systems?

Building systems are the critical systems of your facility, such as the Electrical, HVAC, Security, Life Safety, Lighting, Utilities, Telecom, and Energy Management. You can define equipment systems that show the relationships between systems, assemblies and components.

What are non structural components of a building?

[1] Nonstructural components of buildings are categorized as architectural elements (such as interior partition walls, non-load-bearing exterior curtain walls, windows, and suspended ceilings); as mechanical, electrical, and plumbing (MEP) components (such as HVAC units, ducts, conduits, and pipes); or as furniture,

Is HVAC a structural component?

The term “structural component,” defined in § 1.48-1(e)(2), includes such parts of a building as walls, partitions, floors and ceilings, as well as any permanent coverings therefore such as paneling or tiling; windows and doors; all components (whether in, on, or adjacent to the building) of a central air conditioning

Is ROOF a structural component?

Structural building components are specialized structural building products designed, engineered and manufactured under controlled conditions for a specific application. Examples are wood or steel roof trusses, floor trusses, floor panels, I-joists, or engineered beams and headers.

What are the structural members of a building?

Structural members are the primary load bearing components of a building, and each have their own structural properties which need to be considered. Such members include: Beams: Horizontal members which transfer loads to supports. Columns: Vertical members which transfer compressive loads to the ground.

What are the 5 elements of structure?

These elements are: departmentalization, chain of command, span of control, centralization or decentralization, work specialization and the degree of formalization.

What are the primary elements of a building?

The primary elements are the main supporting, enclosing and protecting elements of the superstructure. They divide space and provide floor-to-floor access. The main primary elements are: walls floors roofs stairs. There are two main types of wall within a building: external and internal.

What are the parts of a house exterior?


  • vegetable garden. Plot of land for growing edible plants.
  • downspout. Vertical pipe through which rainwater flows.
  • skylight. Window protruding through the roof to ventilate and illuminate the room below.
  • driveway. roof.
  • chimney pot. Topmost part of the chimney; it is covered by a piece of metal.
  • lightning rod.
  • cornice.

What’s the top part of a house called?

All roofs have some sort of edge at the bottom; when that edge is level, it’s called an eave. When the edge is the end of a gable, it’s called a rake. Learn to identify a gable roof, a hip roof, and a few roof parts, and your Architect will be impressed.

What is the bottom part of the house called?

The top of the frame is called the head; the bottom, the sill; and the sides are called jambs. And those bars in the middle of the window, what you probably call grids (that’s OK, by the way), those are also called muntins.

What are the 5 types of building construction?

Let’s now address what ladder crews should know about each building type.

  1. Type 1: Fire-Resistive. Type 1 structures are high-rises, and they’re the stoutest of all construction types when exposed to fire.
  2. Type 2: Non-Combustible.
  3. Type 3: Ordinary.
  4. Type 4: Heavy Timber.
  5. Type 5: Wood-Framed.
  6. In Sum.

What are the various types of building systems required?

The 7 Types of Building Systems Engineering

  • Civil. Civil engineering related to building systems primarily deals with the routing of site utilities, such as storm water piping and retention, sanitary, natural gas.
  • Electrical. Everyone thinks of the obvious here: lights.
  • Energy.
  • Mechanical.
  • Plumbing.
  • Structural.
  • Technology.

What are mechanical systems in a building?

Mechanical system, Any building service using machines. They include plumbing, elevators, escalators, and heating and air-conditioning systems. Modern buildings, with their large heat gains, turned central heating into little more than a supplement.