Question: What Are Easements On A Property?

An easement is a legal right benefiting property or a piece of land (known as the dominant land) that is enjoyed over another piece of land owned by somebody else (servient land).

It is a right over land belonging to someone else, but it is not a right to possession or even joint use of the land.

How do property easements work?

Easements are part and parcel of the land they affect. They don’t change when the property changes hands. Subsequent owners are obliged to let whoever owns the easement use the property, so anyone buying a house should be sure to find out exactly what easements a property is subject to before finalizing the purchase.

What does a property easement mean?

An easement is a legal right to use another’s land for a specific limited purpose. In other words, when someone is granted an easement, he is granted the legal right to use the property, but the legal title to the land itself remains with the owner of the land.

What are the three types of easements?

There are three common types of easements.

  • Easement in gross. In this type of easement, only property is involved, and the rights of other owners are not considered.
  • Easement appurtenant.
  • Prescriptive Easement.

Can you build on an easement?

Easements are legal designations that allow individuals or entities to use portions of your property (to build on or for physical access), even though you still own the land and technically have a right to build on it.8 Dec 2018

Can you refuse an easement?

As the owner, you have a legal right to grant or to deny someone’s request for an easement on your property. No one can simply impose an easement on you. However, if the easement is sought by a public entity like a local government or utility, your denial may be challenged in court.

Can I remove an easement from my property?

Terminating easements by express release or agreement

You can expressly terminate an easement just like you can expressly create one. The dominant owner can release the easement by deed, thereby extinguishing it. Or the dominant owner can transfer the easement by deed to the servient owner.

How do I find out what easements are on my property?

A property easement is generally written in the property deed and recorded with the county clerk. Obtain a copy of the deed by searching public records. Other ways to find information about private property easements include working with a title insurer and contacting utility companies directly.18 Jun 2019

Can I put a fence on an easement?

If you set a fence inside your property line and your neighbor is able to use the property outside of the line, that portion of your property may fall under prescriptive easement. Legally, this is a type of property easement that is earned by regular use of the property.12 May 2017

Do a land easements transfer to new owners?

An easement appurtenant will transfer to new owners. A handy way to conceptualize an appurtenance is that it is attached to the title ownership of the land itself, and thus is transferred to the new title owner upon sale. For example, Alice may grant Bill and his successors and assigns an easement across her land.

Do you pay property taxes on easements?

Tax Credits

Easements don’t change ownership of the property, so the land owner will still have to pay the property taxes on it. Some states and localities, however, give land owners a property tax credit for certain right-of-way easements.

Who is responsible for maintaining an easement?

Maintenance of the property is the responsibility of the landowner. If the holder of the easement or right-of-way causes any damage, they must restore the property to the original condition or pay damages. Structures owned by the holder of the easement are not the responsibility of the landowner.

Do easements affect property value?

In most situations, easements will not decrease the value of the property. If the easement has strict rules or requirements the property owner must follow, however, it can affect property value and marketability.16 Aug 2017

Can you be forced to give an easement?

Since an easement on your property typically forms some type of burden on you, you have the right to deny that easement if you choose. However, with both public and private easements, the entity may take you to court in specific cases and a judge may force the easement on you when they deem it a necessity or relevant.

How long does an easement last?

Prescriptive Easements.

The individual actually uses the property. The use is continuous for the statutory period – typically between 5 and 30 years. The use is adverse to the true owner, i.e. without the owner’s permission.25 Apr 2018

Are easements permanent?

Despite this, an individual granting an easement should avoid any potential legal or interpretive problem by expressly providing that the easement is permanent. Although permanent easements are the norm, they can be terminated in a number of ways.

How can an easement be terminated?

You can terminate an easement by release. A release is a surrender of a right or interest, such as an easement. Only the person holding the right can release it, such as the owner of the dominant estate in an easement appurtenant or the holder of an easement in gross. Finally, an easement may terminate by expiration.

How do I remove an easement from my property NSW?

The two land owners can agree to remove the easement, or the dominant land owner can release the servient land owner from the easement. If the dominant land owner has not used the easement for at least 20 years, the servient land owner can apply to the Registrar General to remove the easement.

Can a right of way be blocked?

Generally, a right of way is defined as being the legal right to access their property by passing through land or property belonging to someone else. If your right of way is blocked, you can use a reasonable alternative path, as long as you don’t enter onto the land of a 3rd party.26 Mar 2018