Question: How Do You Start A Life Estate?

To create a life estate, most states require that a certain phrase is included in the new owner section of the deed.

That phrase is generally some version of “to A for life, to B for the remainder.” A is the life tenant who controls the property for the rest of her life, and B gains exclusive ownership after A dies.

What is a life estate and how does it work?

In common law and statutory law, a life estate (or life tenancy) is the ownership of land for the duration of a person’s life. In legal terms, it is an estate in real property that ends at death when ownership of the property may revert to the original owner, or it may pass to another person.

Does a person with a life estate own the property?

A person owns property in a life estate only throughout their lifetime. Beneficiaries cannot sell property in a life estate before the beneficiary’s death. One benefit of a life estate is that property can pass when the life tenant dies without being part of the tenant’s estate.

How do you calculate the value of a life estate?

life estate rate). The value of the remainder is found by taking the resulting life estate value and deducting it from the value of the property (or multiplying the value of the property by the remainder rate).

Can a life estate be terminated?

Due to this termination, a life estate holder cannot transfer his or her interest in the property through a will. Importantly, a life estate cannot be revoked. Therefore, once a person sets up his or her ownership of a property in a life estate, he or she cannot sell or otherwise dispose of the home.

Who pays taxes in a life estate?

When retaining a Life Estate in the property, you are not transferring or giving the entire interest in the property away. Instead, the remainder persons are given today the right to own the property after you pass away. The life tenant is responsible for the payment of real estate taxes on the property.

What are the two types of life estate?

At Peter’s death, the remainder interest will automatically transfer to Paul and Mary. Note: As discussed below, there are two types of life estate deeds: Traditional life estate deeds and lady bird deeds, also called enhanced life estate deeds. This article focuses primarily on traditional life estate deeds.

What happens at the end of a life estate?

A person who reserves a life estate on a property deed has the right to live on and use the property until she dies. If the remainderman dies before the life estate holder, his interest in the property may pass to his heirs or any other remaindermen named on the life estate deed.

What is the purpose of a life estate deed?

Typically, the purpose of a life estate deed is to provide for the transfer of the property to the desired person(s) (remainderman) automatically at the death of the property owner who retained the life estate (“life tenant”), without the necessity of probate.

Who owns the property in a life estate?

A life estate deed is a legal document that changes the ownership of a piece of real property. The person who owns the real property (in this example, Mom) signs a deed that will pass the ownership of the property automatically upon her death to someone else, known as the “remainderman” (in this example, Son).

Is a life estate considered a gift?

A life estate is an instant transfer, similar to life insurance, so probate is not required. Under Federal Estate Tax Code Section 2036, a life estate is a gift. This means that if the property is valued at more than $14,000, a gift tax must be paid.

What are the benefits of a life estate?

Benefits of a Life Estate

  • The right to live in the home until death;
  • Maintaining a $250,000 capital gains exclusion provided you resided in the home two (2) of the last five (5) years;
  • The right to keep a portion of the sale proceeds of the house if it is later sold;
  • The right to rental income;

What does it mean to have a life estate on a property?

A life estate is a form of joint ownership that allows one person to remain in a house until his or her death, when it passes to the other owner. The other owner — the remainderman — has a current ownership interest but cannot take possession until the death of the life estate holder.