The term “life estate” describes a kind of joint ownership of real estate, such as a house.
You can sell or give your home to your children, but keep the right to live in or control the home until you die.
Who owns the property in a life estate?
A life estate deed is a legal document that changes the ownership of a piece of real property. The person who owns the real property (in this example, Mom) signs a deed that will pass the ownership of the property automatically upon her death to someone else, known as the “remainderman” (in this example, Son).
Can a life estate be revoked?
Life estates, therefore, are typically used to keep property from being transferred through the process of probate. Importantly, a life estate cannot be revoked. Therefore, once a person sets up his or her ownership of a property in a life estate, he or she cannot sell or otherwise dispose of the home.
Do you have to pay capital gains on a life estate?
This personal residency tax exemption is available if the owner(s) have lived in the subject real property for 2 of the last 5 years. It essentially means that no capital gains is paid on the first $250,000 of gains for a property owned by a single individual.
Do you pay taxes on a life estate?
When retaining a Life Estate in the property, you are not transferring or giving the entire interest in the property away. As the owner of the property by virtue of the life estate, a life tenant may continue to deduct the real estate taxes he pays on his federal income tax return. (I.R.C. §164(a); Reg. §1.164-1(a).
Does a person with a life estate own the property?
A person owns property in a life estate only throughout their lifetime. Beneficiaries cannot sell property in a life estate before the beneficiary’s death. One benefit of a life estate is that property can pass when the life tenant dies without being part of the tenant’s estate.
What are the two types of life estates?
The two types of life estates are: conventional and the legal life estate. grantee, the life tenant. Following the termination of the estate, rights pass to a remainderman or revert to the previous owner.